How Today’s HR Leader Can Successfully Implement a Mileage Reimbursement Policy

In the first installment of the HR Hangout, we introduced how HR leaders are developing more influence and expertise among other executive leaders of their business. According to a study carried out by Harvard Business Review, Why Chief Human Resources Officers Make Great CEOs, this increased influence has led to a more collaborative environment between the modern HR leader and Finance leader – specifically when it comes to making critical, informed decisions that will have a widespread impact on the business. To make these decisions, trust must first be developed between HR and Finance leaders. Once developed, HR leaders are better positioned to introduce new policies and manage change. In this post, we’ll use some of those takeaways to cover how the HR leader can introduce a new mileage reimbursement policy that is not only compliant, but produces cost savings for the business.

When evaluating and considering a mileage reimbursement policy, HR leaders should understand the following:

  • The difference between reimbursement and compensation under a flat car allowance reimbursement program.
  • How to implement a policy that is compliant with state and federal laws.
  • How to communicate the selected mileage reimbursement policy across the business in a way everyone can understand.


Understand the difference between reimbursement and compensation with a car allowance program

 For today’s HR leader, administering a flat car allowance program for the business seems like a viable strategy for employee recruiting and retention purposes. If your employees come onto a program believing they’ll have a higher wage, they’ll feel more valued in the eyes of the organization, right? Possibly – but this theory has more flaws than it does benefits.

When reimbursement gets treated as a part of compensation, it becomes exposed to tax in the same way. Flat car allowance programs are subject to income and FICA taxes, which not only cost your employees, but cost your business as well.

The other component of this relates to undesired employee behavior that could negatively impact the business. If employees know they’re being reimbursed the same flat rate each month, they’re likely to drive fewer miles – ultimately viewing this reimbursement as a form of compensation. This could potentially result in fewer deals being closed, less revenue generated, and inauthenticity across your business. Reimbursement is not the same as compensation, and it’s crucial for today’s HR leader to understand that difference.


Implement a policy that is compliant with state and federal laws

 With a one-size-fits-all flat allowance program, each employee receives the same amount each month – regardless of where and how much they drive – which is flat out wrong. An employee that drives 25,000 business miles per year in Boston should not be reimbursed the same amount as an employee that drives 17,000 miles per year in Boise, Idaho – it’s simply not fair or accurate.

Part of this process for the HR leader involves mitigating risk by getting educated on state and federal labor laws. California Labor Code 2802, specifically, has cost businesses millions of dollars in class-action lawsuits for not reimbursing their mobile employees the exact, true cost of doing business – and it’s not just California where these lawsuits are taking place.

To avoid costly legal consequences, HR leaders should evaluate personalized mileage reimbursement programs that account for individual employee costs. These fixed and variable costs will vary by employee, and they include insurance premiums, license and registration fees, personal property tax, depreciation, fuel, tires and maintenance. This type of mileage reimbursement program is called a Fixed and Variable Rate reimbursement program (FAVR), and it’s the only IRS-recommended mileage reimbursement program. FAVR programs are also beneficial for the business because they can be automated with technology. Personalized mileage reimbursement programs are a win for the company because they uncover hidden cost savings and keep them compliant with state and federal laws, but also for the employee who gets reimbursed for their exact cost of doing business.


Communicate the policy internally with a plan

Once a desired mileage reimbursement policy has been decided upon, it’s crucial for the HR leader to have a communication plan in place for implementing the new policy. This plan should:

  • Train employees on the new policy
  • Account for any necessary policy adjustments over time
  • Continually assess policy performance

This ensures the entire organization understands the new mileage reimbursement policy and is prepared for what’s to come.

When evaluating different options for mileage reimbursement policies, today’s HR leader must understand the difference between reimbursement and compensation with flat car allowance programs, choose a mileage reimbursement policy that is compliant with state and federal laws, and effectively communicate the new policy across the business. Stay tuned for the next installment of the HR Hangout.


Learn more about personalized mileage reimbursement programs


The HR Hangout is a recurring series on the Motus blog featuring advice from Jessica Chronchio, Director of People Operations at Motus. A proven Human Resources leader, Jessica has her Master’s Degree in Human Resources Management and is an active member of SHRM (Society for Human Resource Management). The topics covered range from empowering HR in the boardroom, best practices around people management, insights on industry trends, and advice for today’s HR leader.


The Author

Jessica Chronchio

Jessica is a proven Human Resources leader fully dedicated to the overall execution of the People Operations function at Motus. With over a decade of experience, Jessica specializes in compensation and benefits, risk and compliance, culture, performance management and organizational strategy. Jessica holds a Master's Degree in Human Resources Management, is an active member of SHRM (Society for Human Resource Management), and is passionate about empowering people to perform better together.

Read more by Jessica Chronchio

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